Google is to provide UK schools with 15,000 free Raspberry Pi Model B computers.
Qualifications awarding body OCR will also create free teaching and learning packs to go with each Raspberry Pi.
"We're going to be working with Google and six UK educational partners to find the kids who we think will benefit from having their very own Raspberry Pi," reads a post on the Raspberry Pi Foundation's website.
"We're absolutely made up over the news; this is a brilliant way for us to find kids all over the country whose aptitude for computing can now be explored properly."
Responding to the news, games industry veteran Ian Livingstone said: "Putting Raspberry Pis into the hands of children on this scale is potentially the most positive initiative to spur digital creativity since the advent of the BBC Micro in the 1980s.
"It will empower children to learn the magic of programming, helping them to both create content and also understand the digital world in which they live. It will help redress the shocking Computer Science deficit in this country."